Španělský přírodovědec a teolog Juan T. Gonzáles de Arintero, o.p. (1860–1928) a evoluční vznik – stvoření člověka

  • Ctirad V. Pospíšil
Keywords: Evolution, Origin of humans, Darwinism, Theology of creation, History of theology, Exegesis, Old Testament, Book of Genesis


This study represents the life and work of the Spanish Catholic natural scientist and theologian Juan T. González de Arintero o.p. (1860–1928), who is
very little known in the Czech environment. The focus of the study is the analysis of the La Evolución y la Filosofía Christiana 1. Introdución General published in 1898. Arintero walks in the footsteps of Zeferino Gonzalez, perceives Mivart’s thesis as acceptable, but modifies it as Z. Gonzáles. Arinter’s own contribution lies in the distinction of a so-called ontological species (biological class) and a biological species. Spontaneous evolution occurs within biological class. Once a new class arises, a direct Creator intervention is required. Human represents not only a new species or class, but even a independent kingdom. The human body is prepared by the evolution of higher primates (haplorhini). But the completion of humankind
requires a direct Divine intervention which is linked to the creation of a rational soul united with this body. On the basis of our analysis, we corrected the erroneous claim which is presented in a very renowned foreign publication, according to this author Arintero rejected the evolutionary origin of the human body. Arintero expressly claims that the first human is a descendant of animal ancestors. However on the level of interpretation Arintero perceives this process as a specific God’s intervention, while he respects all verified data of the Paleoanthropology and Developmental Biology. Thus, Juan Gonáles de Arintero is one of the most important pioneers of the Catholic reception of the evolutionary origin – creation of man.