Koncept církevního domu a liturgické síně v myšlení Miroslava Kouřila v dobovém kontextu Církve československé

  • Pavel Kolář HTF UK
Keywords: Modernist church architecture, Liturgical space, Church community house, Miroslav Kouřil, Czechoslovak church


Czechoslovak Church has not yet been a subject of a detailed study. Recent research has dealt mostly with particular churches built by important Czech modernist architects (Gočár, Janák, Víšek) or with periods of development of church architecture in the Czechoslovak Church. This study presents concepts of the church community house and liturgical space in the work of Miroslav Kouřil, who was an important Czech avant-garde scenographer and church architect in the 1930s and 1940s. These concepts are interpreted within the context of con- tinual church discussions on various issues related to church architecture in the Czechoslovak church. Particular attention is paid to the leading principles pro- posed by Kouřil as guidelines for building a liturgical space, namely the liturgical hall as a fundamental, unified and undivided space within the church community house; the centrality of the liturgical table; and the installation of the baptistery with living water.

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