Traktát o Bohu téměř nejsoucím [Tractate on God almost non-existing]

  • Václav Umlauf


Heidegger’s concept of metaphysics as onto-theology based on necessary union of logic, ontology and theology demonstrates fundamental crisis of mo- dern theodicy. Univocity of being, based on Avicennian epistemology of the Form, created in the second half of 13th century a new concept of divine Being. New way of thinking made an objective determination of God (esse obiective). Leibniz proposed a further step on the way of formalization in his theodicy.

The formal ratio of God and that of human being became identical up to the certain point and God became responsible for all potential evil. Since Leibniz, modern theodicy has been determined by highly questionable concept of onto- theology that came into being at the beginning of 14th century (via moderna). Univocity and objectivity determine both the science of being and the modern theology.


DOI: 10.14712/23363398.2015.31
How to Cite
UMLAUF, Václav. Traktát o Bohu téměř nejsoucím [Tractate on God almost non-existing]. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 9-35, june 2014. ISSN 2336-3398. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2019.


Martin Heidegger; Duns Scotus; Thomas Aquinas; Onto-theology; Metaphysics; Formal determination of being; Objectivity; God’s existence