Limen Psalmi indicet interiora. Die figurative Interpretation der Psalmenüberschrift in Augustinus’ Kommentar zum 80. Psalm [Limen Psalmi indicet interiora. Figurative Interpretation of the Psalm Title in Augustine’s Exposition on Psalm 80]
In the course of his life, Aurelius Augustinus changed his love of classical poetry for his love of Psalms. Biblical poetry had one important advantage in his view:
its truthfulness. Later on, he regarded ancient epic only as well designed lies. The Book of Psalms was the part of the Bible which never ceased to fascinate him. However, Augustin, as a spiritual shepherd, wanted all believers to discover this beauty of Psalms. That is why he created the only complete commentary on Psalms in antiquity. He turned his attention mainly to the Psalm titles since he regarded them as an interpretation key of the whole Psalm. This theory is demonstrated on Augustine’s interpretation of Psalm 80. In this case, Augustine discovered that the title “for the winepresses” implies the content and structure of the Psalm. The first half of the Psalm includes the good, what is presented as oil in the winepresses, while the bad, presented by the dregs, can be found in the second half of the Psalm. On the bases of this reflection, Augustine with his listeners and readers were exposed to the unexpected mysterious beauty of Biblical poetry, to which Augustine devoted himself so that he would never change it for anything else.
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